'''Peter Chelcicky''' or '''Petr Chelčický'''
[The name may also be seen as Peter Chelciki, Peter Chelciky, Peter Chelcicky, Peter Chelcický, Petrus Cheltschitzky, Peter of Chelcic, Peter Helchitsky, et al..]
() (c. 1390 – c. 1460) was a Christian
spiritual leader and author in 15th century Bohemia
(modern Czech Republic
). He was one of the most influential thinkers of the Bohemian Reformation
His published works concentrated on critique of immorality and violence of the contemporary church and state. He proposed a number of Bible-based improvements for human society, including nonresistance
, which influenced such luminaries as Tolstoy, Gandhi, and M.L.King. Paradoxically, the main part of the Hussites|Hussite movement
rejected his teachings against nonviolence and avoiding politics, which led to much violence among the Hussite movement in the end. Chelcicky's teachings laid the foundation of the Unity of the...